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Distal Radius Fractures and Osteoporosis

Distal Radius Fractures and Osteoporosis Distal radius fractures (lower forearm fractures) are one of the most common injuries treated by hand therapists. These fractures are normally immobilised in a cast for 3-6 weeks to allow bone healing. Sometimes patients will have stiff, weak, or painful wrists when the cast is removed and are referred to hand therapy for rehabilitation. The aim of rehabilitation is to restore lost range of motion, and to regain strength and function. If the patient is older,...

Splinting for Ulnar Claw

The ulnar nerve runs from the shoulder to the little finger and innervates the small muscles of the hand (intrinsic muscles) that allow fine movements of the fingers e.g., typing. Damage to the ulnar nerve anywhere along its length can cause loss of sensation and muscle weakness in the hand. This is known as ulnar nerve palsy or ulnar neuropathy. This condition can affect the ability of the hand to make fine movements and perform many routine tasks. In severe cases,...

SWAN NECK DEFORMITY

What is It? Swan neck deformity is caused by abnormal stress on the volar plate, the ligament around the middle joint of the finger (PIP joint). The resulting shape of the finger looks similar to a swan's neck, which is how the condition got its name. What is it caused by? For a swan neck deformity to occur, abnormal stress must be put on the ligament around the PIP joint of the finger. The stress causes the ligament to loosen,...

RUGBY INJURIES

In New Zealand, rugby is the national sport and also has the highest injury rate of all major sports. Because rugby union has high participation levels as well as a high injury rate, this sport results in more hospitalisations, more visits to the accident and emergency departments and more claims to the Accident Rehabilitation and Compensation Insurance Corporation (ACC) than any other sport. Played typically by young people, rugby requires the skills of tackling, scrummaging, mauling and lineout play. On average...
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